Entitlement to a survivor’s pension depends on:
In order to establish the eligibility conditions for a survivor’s pension, a final decision declaring the death of an insured person or the recipient of entitlements is also taken into consideration.
If the deceased was not yet the recipient of entitlements under compulsory insurance, they had to meet the conditions for an early-retirement, old-age or a disability pension (their death is deemed to be the occurrence of category I disability) by the time of their death.
If the deceased was a recipient of entitlements, they meet the conditions if they received:
If an insured person or the recipient of entitlements died as a result of an injury at work or an occupational disease, the conditions are met on their side regardless of the number of years of pensionable service completed.
The following questions are answered below:
In some cases, an additional condition must be met for the entitlement to a survivor’s pension, namely that the deceased maintained the family member until their death.
The maintenance condition is met:
A family member’s income includes cadastral income, as well as other income deemed to be the basis for the assessment under the regulations governing income tax.
Social benefits in cash under the regulations governing social security benefits do not count as a family member’s income.
In order to receive a survivor’s pension, family members, as a rule, had to have a specific family relationship with the deceased insured person.
A survivor’s pension may be received by children and other family members.
A child is entitled to a survivor’s pension until the age of 15, or until the end of their schooling, but not beyond the age of 26.
A child who, during the year following the loss of a parent, does not qualify for enrolment in the next year of education, is entitled to a survivor’s pension until the end of the next academic year.
If, after reaching the age of 15, a child is registered with the employment service, they are entitled to a survivor’s pension until they reach the age of 18, if they meet all the obligations under the regulations governing the labour market.
A child who becomes completely incapable of work before they reach the age of 15, until the end of their schooling or until they reach the age of 26, is entitled to a survivor’s pension for the duration of the incapacity.
A child who becomes completely incapable of work after the age of 15, after the end of their schooling or after the age of 26, is entitled to a survivor’s pension if the insured person or recipient of entitlements maintained them up until their death.
In the case of a child, complete incapacity for work is considered to be incapacity to live and work independently, as established by ZPIZ’s board of examiners/disability commssion.
A stepchild, grandchild or other child without parents maintained by the deceased until their death receives a survivor’s pension if they meet the conditions laid down for children.
If the parents of the grandchildren or other children maintained by the deceased up until their death are still alive, these children shall be deemed to meet the special conditions for qualifying for a survivor’s pension if their parents are completely incapable of work. Such incapacity is considered to be a category I disability.
The parents maintained by the deceased up until the deceased person died qualify for a survivor’s pension if they:
If parents who qualify for a survivor’s pension as a result of permanent incapacity to work reach the age of 60 during the period of receiving this entitlement, they retain it on a permanent basis.
In the case of a stepchild, grandchild or other child without parents, complete incapacity to work is considered to be incapacity to live and work independently and, for parents, a category I disability, as established by ZPIZ’s expert body/disability commission.
A survivor’s pension cannot be acquired by a child who, at the time of the death of the insured person or recipient of entitlements through whom they would exercise the entitlement, was already married (as the duty to maintain them is held by their spouse).
If a family member is convicted by a final court judgement of intentionally killing the insured person, they cannot claim the entitlement to a survivor’s pension through that person.
The assessment base for a survivor’s pension is determined in the same way as the assessment base for a widow-er’s pension.
The level of a survivor’s pension depends, as a rule, on the number and type of family members entitled to a survivor’s pension after the death of the insured person or recipient of entitlements.
If either only children or other family members (stepchildren, grandchildren or other children without parents, and parents) are entitled to a survivor’s pension, it is assessed from the base at the following rates:
A survivor’s pension thus assessed is divided equally between the family members.
If children and other family members are entitled to a survivor’s pension, the children shall be awarded a corresponding percentage of the pension, while the other family members are entitled to any remainder of the base, which is also divided equally.
If division into equal parts is not possible, the oldest family member is entitled to the remainder of the pension.
Minors and other minor family members who live separately are, if they so request, paid their survivor’s pension separately.
If a widow(er) is also entitled to a pension in addition to children and other family members, the following rules apply to the assessment of a survivor’s pension:
A child who has lost both parents is awarded a survivor’s pension in relation to the parent with a more favourable assessment, at a rate of 100 % of the assessment base.
Two or more children who have lost both parents are awarded two survivor’s pensions from each of them at 100 % of the assessment base and divided equally between the children.
If division into equal parts is not possible, the oldest child is entitled to the remainder of the pension.
A recipient of a survivor’s pension loses that entitlement if they no longer meet the special conditions laid down for family members if:
If you live in Slovenia, a claim for a survivor’s pension is filed with ZPIZ
Following the filing of an application for recognition of an entitlement to a survivor’s pension, ZPIZ commences a procedure to issue a decision regarding entitlement to a survivor’s pension.
If you live in another EU/EEA Member State or in a country with which Slovenia has signed a social security agreement (LINK), you may also file a claim with the pension insurance provider in that country. The claim will then be sent to ZPIZ.
You may contact pension specialists at ZPIZ for any further information and clarifications concerning survivor’s pensions: